Digital Clock with MM5314N
The digital clock of circuit, has as base one IC, the MM5314N, in which are contained all the circuits that need. The IC1 collaborates with six Display of common anode, that are not critically as materials. You can select what dimension, you want it is enough you adapt pins their in the circuit. The display are drive by a system of polyplexis and are drive by thirteen transistors. For timing the circuit, is used the frequency of network (50HZ). This solution is the simplest, that it is not best. For more constant frequency you can use a circuit that would be based on crystal, (it will be given shortly). For the clue of hour are used six display of 7 element common anode. The DS1-DS2, show the hours (decades-unit respectively), the DS3-DS4, show the minutes and DS5-DS6, the seconds. The common anode, for each display is drive by the collector of transistors Q8 until Q13. Individual led (a, b, c, d, e, f, g) the display, they are linked between them (parallel) and are drive by the transistors Q1.. Q7, creating thus a system multiplexing, to frequency 1KHZ, that is determined by the R3-C3. The power supply is a classic circuit, from T1 and GR1, C1. The remainder capacitors as the C2-C5 and the R5 make local unyoke of voltage and protect the IC1 from peaks of voltage. The diode D1, limit the top, of rectified vibrations in the pin 16. Resistances R18...24, limit the current that leak the led. With switch S1 in place 2, the clock measures the time and the display remains openly, with the S1 in place 1, the display they remain closed, the clock however continues working. This operation us allows to have the clock in spaces that we do not want exists the lighting of display. With the S2 in place 1, we have measurement in 12-hours base while in place 2, we have measurement in 24-hours base. With the S3 in place 1, we see the measurement in seconds, while in place 2, we only see the measurement in hours and minutes, while the seconds do not function. With switches S4, S5, S6, we make the regulation of hour when exists some interruption in the operation of clock, and becomes with the classic way that usually becomes in this type the clocks. The pin 11 [ 5060 of HZ Select ] is the input with which we select the operation of MM5314 in main voltage frequency 60HZ or 50HZ. When we have main voltage 110Vac- 60HZ [USA system] then the pin 11 is connected in Vss @pin 2. If the main voltage is 220Vac - 50HZ [Europe system] the pin 11 is not connected nowhere, remain that is to say in air. Pin 16 [5060 input], is the input, where is applied sample from the main voltage [50HZ or 60HZ]. With this sample function the counter circuits and become the measurement of time. Thus if you have 220Vac/50HZ, then the pin 11 remains void. If you have 110V/60HZ, then the pin 11 it's connected in Vss @ pin 2.
The MM5314N rather been withdrawn from the manufacture, likely it exist somewhere in small quantities. I dont have nobody information round he.
Part listR1= 100Kohms R2= 47Kohms R3= 100Kohms R4.....10= 2.2Kohms R11.....17= 10Kohms R18.....24-25-26= 220 ohms 0W5 R25-26=1.2Kohms 0W5 C1= 2200uF 25V C2= 100uF 25V C3= 18nF 100V polyester C4-5= 10nF ceramic OR polyester Q1....7= BC550 Q8....13= BC560 IC1= MM5314N ***[See Notice] D1= 1N4148 GR1= 4X1N4002 S1...3= 1X2 mini switch S4...6= Push Button normal open T1= 220V AC/12V 1A DS1....DS7= Display 7 segmens Common Anode